Connecticut expands medical program, considers ending marijuana prohibition


Last update: September 12, 2016


Medical marijuana

Recent events:

In 2016, both regulators and lawmakers expanded Connecticut’s medical marijuana program.

In January, the Department of Consumer Protection approved three additional dispensaries. (See a listing of dispensaries here.) The following month, a legislative committee approved the department’s addition of six new conditions to the 11 already included in the state’s medical marijuana program.

Connecticut is the only medical marijuana state that completely excludes minors, but that will change when a new law takes effect on October 1. On May 17, 2016, Gov. Dannel Malloy signed HB 5450, which will allow minors to qualify if they have been diagnosed with certain medical conditions, if they have two physicians’ certifications, and if their parents consent. HB 5450 will also allow dispensaries to provide medical marijuana to certain medical facilities and will allow nurses to administer marijuana at health care facilities.

Legislative history and background:

Connecticut’s medical marijuana program was originally enacted on June 1, 2012. The program protects patients and caregivers from arrest and prosecution if they have a valid registration card and if the medical marijuana was obtained from the specific dispensary where the patient is registered.

While the program’s expansion is an important move, Connecticut’s law remains far more limited than most other medical marijuana states’ laws. There are several areas of possible improvement, including adding intractable pain and allowing patients access to more than one dispensary. Hopefully, 2017 will see more successful efforts to improve the program. To learn more about Connecticut’s medical marijuana program and how it compares to the programs in other states, visit our state-by-state report.


Legislative history and background:

Since 2011, possession of a half-ounce or less of marijuana has been a civil violation in Connecticut, punishable by a fine of up to $150, meaning it is not a jailable offense. Subsequent offenses are subject to increased fines ranging from $200-$500. Upon a third violation, offenders are referred to a drug awareness program. In addition to the fine, anyone under 21 who is found in possession of less than a half-ounce of marijuana faces a 60-day suspension of his or her driver’s license.

Although Connecticut has improved its marijuana laws in recent years, adults are still being punished for possessing a substance that is less harmful than alcohol, while most crimes with victims go unsolved.

Legalizing, Taxing, and Regulating Marijuana for Adults’ Use

Recent events:

On February 11, 2016, a group of Connecticut state representatives introduced HB 5236, which proposed legalizing and regulating the sale and use of marijuana for adults. While HB 5236 did not pass during this year’s short session, the lead sponsor, Rep. Juan Candelaria, held a public hearing and worked to educate his colleagues, which will help build the foundation for passage of similar legislation in the future. Please ask your representative to support legislation to tax and regulate marijuana like alcohol.

In addition to the four states and Washington D.C. that have already legalized marijuana for adult use, voters in five states — including two in New England — will vote on legalization this November.

A recent poll conducted by Quinnipiac University found that a majority of voters in Connecticut — 52% — support legalizing cannabis for adults. Unlike the states that have legalized marijuana for adult use, however, Connecticut does not have a ballot initiative process, so it’s crucial that voters reach out to their elected officials about this issue.

Take action!

Speak out: Please ask your legislators to take marijuana off the criminal market, to legalize it for adults, and to tax and regulate it similarly to alcohol.

Stay connected: You can stay up to date on all the latest news and information in Connecticut by subscribing to MPP’s free email alerts.

Contact us: If you are a law enforcement official, a clergy member, a member of the legal community, or a community leader who supports regulating marijuana, please email [email protected] to see how you can be of special help. Be sure to include your zip code so we can determine who your legislators are.

Pending Legislation