Lawmakers meet as state cannabis regulatory program takes off
Last update: February 14, 2018
Lawmakers are back in session, and several bills are under consideration this year that would impact marijuana policy, even as the new regulatory system continues to develop. Here are some highlights.
AB 1793 would automatically remove (or expunge) cannabis-related offenses from individuals’ criminal histories, if the original offense was later made legal under state law. This approach is similar to an effort underway in San Francisco, initiated by District Attorney George Gascón, that would automatically remove crimes and arrest records for actions that are now lawful for local residents.
Another bill, AB 2069, would offer workplace protections for medical cannabis patients who consume marijuana outside of work. Because low amounts of THC can remain detectible in a person’s system for days or weeks after use, employees who are patients can be at risk when employers maintain zero tolerance drug policies. This bill would limit firings or other forms of discipline to those cases involving impairment on the job – steering clear of dictating what medicine a patient can take outside work.
The introduction of these bills follows a huge milestone at the start of the year, when the first licensed retail cannabis shops opened for adult consumers. While the number of shops initially was modest, the number of stores and other types of cannabis businesses is expected to ramp up quickly. As of mid-February, the Bureau of Cannabis Control listed just over 500 adult-use licenses issued. If you haven’t done so already, please sign up for our email alerts to stay current on latest events!
The current legal status of marijuana in California
Until the 2016 Election Day vote, possessing up to an ounce or less of marijuana was a civil infraction similar to a speeding ticket. Following the vote, possession of an ounce or less and the secure cultivation of up to six plants is lawful for all adults 21 and over.
While California had already reduced penalties before the vote, the state still punished tens of thousands of responsible adults each year for possessing a substance that is objectively safer than both alcohol and tobacco. A study released by the Drug Policy Foundation reported that despite the reduction in penalties, state law enforcement still arrested over half a million people in the past 10 years on marijuana-related charges, a huge number of which are minorities.
California stopped wasting precious resources citing, arresting, and prosecuting marijuana offenders and is now in the process of ensuring the profits of marijuana sales go to responsible businesses and state budgets, instead of the pockets of criminals.
At the same time, the state’s medical marijuana protections continue, and a regulatory system is being implemented for medical marijuana businesses in tandem with the non-medical program, but without the same tax burden.
Timeline of marijuana policy reform in California
1996: Voters approved the Compassionate Use Act, allowing for the medical use of marijuana
2003: California’s legislature expanded the state’s medical marijuana law to allow patients and caregivers to collectively or cooperatively cultivate marijuana
2015: California’s legislature enacted a licensing and regulatory system for medical marijuana businesses
2016: Voters approved a ballot initiative legalizing marijuana for adults and establishing a regulated marijuana market
2017: Licensing and regulatory system for medical marijuana businesses is paired with similar regulatory system being developed for non-medical, now under one agency
2018: First legal sales for adult consumers began!
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