Last update: September 21, 2018
Northern Mariana Islands
Marijuana in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) is now legal, both for medical and recreational purposes.
On August 30, 2018, the Northern Marianas’ Commonwealth Legislature approved a bill to legalize and regulate marijuana for adult and medical use — H.B. 20-178, titled the Taulamwaar Sensible CNMI Cannabis Act of 2018. Gov. Ralph Deleon Guerrero Torres signed the bill into law on September 21, 2018.
The law allows both adults and medical cannabis patients of any age to possess and purchase limited amounts of cannabis. Home cultivation is allowed, provided the individual registers and pays a $5 fee. The proposal charges a new Cannabis Commission with regulating and licensing six types of marijuana businesses — producers, processors, retailers, wholesalers, lounges, and testing facilities. A 10% tax is imposed on marijuana grown in the CNMI, and the legislature can levy additional taxes. Read MPP’s summary for more details.
Medical cannabis in Guam is legal, but adult-use marijuana remains illegal. Guam was the first United States territory to legalize medical marijuana in 2014. Guam legalized medical marijuana for “debilitative conditions” via referendum in the November 2014 mid-term elections, with 56% voting in favor. Guam had previously attempted to legalize medical marijuana in 2010, but the effort was unsuccessful.
Implementation has been slow. In February 2018, Guam Gov. Eddie Calvo signed a bill into law — Public Law 34-80 — to create rules and regulations for the medical cannabis program. No one has applied for a costly testing laboratory license. Meanwhile, Sen. Louise Muña is sponsoring a bill to allow patients to grow their own cannabis while they wait for access from dispensaries.
Turning to adult use, in January 2017, a proposed bill, the Marijuana Control Law, was introduced to legalize recreational marijuana in Guam.
Puerto Rico’s governor signed a medical cannabis bill into law in 2015. The Department of Health implemented the law. As of March 2018, there were more than 20,000 registered patients, and, as of August 2018, more than 30 dispensaries are licensed.
El gobernador de Puerto Rico firmó una ley de cannabis medicinal en 2015. El departamento de salud implementó la ley. A partir de marzo de 2018 había 20,000 pacientes registrados en el programa, y hasta agosto, había más de 30 dispensarios de cannabis. Para más detalles, visite el Página del Programa de Cannabis.
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